Periodontal disease is diagnosed by your dentist or dental hygienist during a periodontal examination. This type of exam should always be part of your regular dental check-up.
A periodontal probe (small dental instrument) is gently used to measure the sulcus (pocket or space) between the tooth and the gums. The depth of a healthy sulcus measures three millimeters or less and does not bleed. The periodontal probe helps indicate if pockets are deeper than three millimeters. As periodontal disease progresses, the pockets usually get deeper.
Your dentist or hygienist will use pocket depths, amount of bleeding, inflammation, tooth mobility, etc., to make a diagnosis that will fall into a category below:
Gingivitis is the first stage of periodontal disease. Plaque and its toxin by-products irritate the gums, making them tender, inflamed, and likely to bleed.
Plaque hardens into calculus (tartar). As calculus and plaque continue to build up, the gums begin to recede from the teeth. Deeper pockets form between the gums and teeth and become filled with bacteria and pus. The gums become very irritated, inflamed, and bleed easily. Slight to moderate bone loss may be present.
The teeth lose more support as the gums, bone, and periodontal ligament continue to be destroyed. Unless treated, the affected teeth will become very loose and may be lost. Generalized moderate to severe bone loss may be present.
Causes of Periodontal Disease
Types of Periodontal Disease
Signs & Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
Mouth – Body Connection
Periodontal Disease and Diabetes
Periodontal Disease, Heart Disease and Stroke
Periodontal Disease and Pregnancy
Periodontal Disease and Osteoporosis
Periodontal Disease and Respiratory Disease
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When you make us your Dentist in Vista, you will experience all that modern dentistry has to offer, including a comprehensive list of general, restorative and cosmetic dental services to meet the needs of the whole family. This includes dental implants, teeth whitening, root canal therapy, and many other types of general dentistry procedures. Our goal is to assist each patient in achieving and maintaining long-term dental health and a beautiful smile. Some of the services we provide include:
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138 Civic Center Dr Ste 115
Vista, CA 92084